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About Karl Marx
Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, political economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, communist, and revolutionary, whose ideas played a significant role in the development of modern communism. Marx summarized his approach in the first line of chapter one of The Communist Manifesto, published in 1848: "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." Marx argued that capitalism, like previous socioeconomic systems, would inevitably produce internal tensions which would lead to its destruction. Just as capitalism replaced feudalism, he believed socialism would, in its turn, replace capitalism, and lead to a stateless, classless society called pure communism. This would emerge after a transitional period called the "dictatorship of the proletariat": a period sometimes referred to as the "workers state" or "workers' democracy". In section one of The Communist Manifesto Marx describes feudalism, capitalism, and the role internal social contradictions play in the historical process: We see then: the means of production and of exchange, on whose foundation the bourgeoisie built itself up, were generated in feudal society. At a certain stage in the development of these means of production and of exchange, the conditions under which feudal society produced and exchanged...the feudal relations of property became no longer compatible with the already developed productive forces; they became so many fetters. They had to be burst asunder; they were burst asunder. Into their place stepped free competition, accompanied by a social and political constitution adapted in it, and the economic and political sway of the bourgeois class. A similar movement is going on before our own eyes.... The productive forces at the disposal of society no longer tend to further the development of the conditions of bourgeois property; on the contrary, they have become too powerful for these conditions, by which they are fettered, and so soon as they overcome these fetters, they bring order into the whole of bourgeois society, endanger the existence of bourgeois property.Marx argued for a systemic understanding of socio-economic change.
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With its message of working-class empowerment and call for unity, The Communist Manifesto endures as one of history’s most influential, visionary, and controversial documents. Intending to rouse readers from their indifference, authors Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels demanded the end of proletariat exploitation and called for the overthrow of the oppressive bourgeois ruling class. It was a blueprint for an uncompromising new direction that would serve as the spark for the socialist uprising in the late 1800s.
Today, The Communist Manifesto reverberates fully and fittingly in the polarized political climate of the twenty-first century.
Revised edition: Previously published as The Communist Manifesto, this edition of The Communist Manifesto (AmazonClassics Edition) includes editorial revisions.
Karl Marx (1818–1883) was a famous German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist.
It summarises Marx and Engels' theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism, and then finally communism. (more on wisehouse-publishing.com)
Few writers have had a more demonstrable impact on the development of the modern world than has Karl Marx (1818-1883). Born in Trier into a middle-class Jewish family in 1818, by the time of his death in London in 1883, Marx claimed a growing international reputation.
Of central importance then and later was his book Das Kapital, or, as it is known to English readers, simply Capital. Volume One of Capital was published in Paris in 1867 and is included in this edition. This was the only volume published during Marx’s lifetime and the only to have come directly from his pen. Volume Two, available as a separate Wordsworth eBook, was published in 1884, and was based on notes Marx left, but written by his friend and collaborator, Friedrich Engels (1820-1895).
Readers from the nineteenth century to the present have been captivated by the unmistakable power and urgency of this classic of world literature. Marx’s critique of the capitalist system is rife with big themes: his theory of ‘surplus value’, his discussion of the exploitation of the working class, and his forecast of class conflict on a grand scale. Marx wrote with purpose. As he famously put it, ‘Philosophers have previously tried to explain the world, our task is to change it.’
The Communist Manifesto, originally the Manifesto of the Communist Party, is an 1848 pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Commissioned by the Communist League and originally published in London just as the Revolutions of 1848 began to erupt, the Manifesto was later recognised as one of the world's most influential political documents. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and then-present) and the conflicts of capitalism and the capitalist mode of production, rather than a prediction of communism's potential future forms.
The Communist Manifesto summarises Marx and Engels' theories concerning the nature of society and politics, namely that in their own words "[t]he history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles". It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism. In the last paragraph of the Manifesto, the authors call for a "forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions", which served as a call for communist revolutions around the world.
In 2013, The Communist Manifesto was registered to UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme along with Marx's Capital, Volume I.
* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Marx’s life and works
* Concise introductions to the major books and essays
* All the major works, with individual contents tables
* Features rare essays appearing for the first time in digital publishing
* Images of how the books were first published, giving your eReader a taste of the original texts
* Excellent formatting of the texts
* Features three biographies — discover Marx’s intriguing life
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres
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CRITIQUE OF HEGEL’S PHILOSOPHY OF RIGHT, 1843
ON THE JEWISH QUESTION, 1843
THE HOLY FAMILY, 1845
THESES ON FEUERBACH, 1845
THE POVERTY OF PHILOSOPHY, 1847
WAGE LABOUR AND CAPITAL, 1847
MANIFESTO OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY, 1848
THE CLASS STRUGGLES IN FRANCE, 1850
ADDRESS OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE TO THE COMMUNIST LEAGUE
THE EIGHTEENTH BRUMAIRE OF LOUIS NAPOLEON, 1852
A CONTRIBUTION TO THE CRITIQUE OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, 1859
MARX’S INAUGURAL ADDRESS
THE CIVIL WAR IN FRANCE, 1871
CRITIQUE OF THE GOTHA PROGRAM, 1875
MR. GEORGE HOWELL’S HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKING-MEN’S ASSOCIATION
NOTES ON ADOLPH WAGNER, 1883
SECRET DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
REVOLUTION AND COUNTER-REVOLUTION
THE LIFE AND TEACHING OF KARL MARX by Max Beer
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY by Eduard Bernstein
ENGELS’ SPEECH AT THE GRAVE OF KARL MARX by Friedrich Engels
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'A groundbreaking work of economic analysis. It is also a literary masterpice' Francis Wheen, Guardian
One of the most notorious and influential works of modern times, Capital is an incisive critique of private property and the social relations it generates. Living in exile in England, where this work was largely written, Marx drew on a wide-ranging knowledge of its society to support his analysis. Arguing that capitalism would cause an ever-increasing division in wealth and welfare, he predicted its abolition and replacement by a system with common ownership of the means of production. Capital rapidly acquired readership throughout the world, to become a work described by Marx's collaborator Friedrich Engels as 'the Bible of the working class'.
Translated by BEN FOWKES with an Introduction by ERNEST MANDEL
This edition brings the 1891 translation of Wage-Labour and Capital made by Friedrich Engels himself, almost a decade after Marx's death.