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Lúcio Aneu Sêneca é conhecido também como Sêneca, o jovem ou o filósofo. Nasceu em Córdoba, aproximadamente em 4 a.C. e morreu em 65 d.C. por suicídio seguindo ordens de Nero.
Riqueza fantástica, fama literária, exílio, um surpreendente retorno ao auge do poder político e um final trágico: a vida de Sêneca é uma das grandes histórias pouco contadas da Roma Antiga. Sêneca viveu durante os principados de Calígula, Cláudio e Nero. Tal ambiente de abusos e degradação ética e moral foram influências fundamentais na sua obra. Conhecê-los ajuda a melhor compreender sua filosofia.
Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC – AD 65), also known as Seneca the Younger, was a Hispano-Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman and dramatist.
Fabulous wealth, literary fame, exile, an amazing come back to the height of political power and a tragic ending the life of Seneca is one of the great untold stories of Ancient Rome.
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No man can live a happy life, or even a supportable life, without the study of wisdom
Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC-AD 65) is one of the most famous Roman philosophers. Instrumental in guiding the Roman Empire under emperor Nero, Seneca influenced him from a young age with his Stoic principles. Later in life, he wrote Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium, or Letters from a Stoic, detailing these principles in full.
Seneca’s letters read like a diary, or a handbook of philosophical meditations. Often beginning with observations on daily life, the letters focus on many traditional themes of Stoic philosophy, such as the contempt of death, the value of friendship and virtue as the supreme good.
Using Gummere’s translation from the early twentieth century, this selection of Seneca’s letters shows his belief in the austere, ethical ideals of Stoicism – teachings we can still learn from today.
Written in an intimate, conversational style, the letters reflect the traditional Stoic focus on living in accordance with nature and accepting the world on its own terms. The philosopher emphasizes the Roman values of courage, self-control, and rationality, yet he remains remarkably modern in his tolerant and cosmopolitan attitude. Rich in epigrammatic wit, Seneca's interpretation of Stoicism constitutes a timeless and inspiring declaration of the dignity of the individual mind.
Sobre a brevidade da vida é a obra mais difundida do filósofo Lúcio Anneo Sêneca (4 a.C.? - 65 d.C.) e um dos textos mais conhecidos de toda a Antigüidade latina. São cartas dirigidas a Paulino (cuja identidade é controversa), nas quais o sábio discorre sobre a natureza finita da vida humana. São desenvolvidos temas como aprendizagem, amizade, livros e a morte, e, no correr das páginas, vão sendo apresentadas maneiras de prolongar a vida e livrá-la de mil futilidades que a perturbam sem, no entanto, enriquecê-la. Escritas há quase dois mil anos, estas cartas compõem uma leitura inspiradora para todos os homens, a quem ajudam a avaliar o que é uma vida plenamente vivida.
From the author of Letters From A Stoic (Epistulae Moralis), comes another brilliant, timeless guide to living well.
Written as a moral essay to his friend Paulinus, Seneca’s biting words still pack a powerful punch two thousand years later. With its brash rejection of materialism, conventional lifestyles and group-think, On The Shortness of Life is as relevant as ever. Seneca anticipates the modern world. It’s a unique expose of how people get caught up in the rat race and how for those stuck in this mindset, enough is never enough. The ‘busy’ individuals of Rome Seneca makes reference to, those people who are too preoccupied with their careers and maintaining social relationships to fully examine the quality of their lives, sound a lot like ourselves.
The message is simple: Life is long if you live it wisely. Don’t waste time worrying about how you look. Don’t be lazy. Don’t over indulge in entertainment and vice. Everything in moderation.
Seneca defends Nature and attacks the lazy. Materialism and a love of trivial knowledge are exposed as key time wasters, along with excess ambition, networking and worrying too much. In this new non-verbatim translation by Damian Stevenson, Seneca’s essay comes alive for the modern reader. Seneca’s formality of language has been preserved but the wording is more attuned to a contemporary ear. This is a rare treat for students of Stoicism and for anyone interested in seeking an answer to the eternal question, “How should I best use my time?”
Includes biographical sketch ‘Seneca The Stoic’ and Seneca image gallery.
The essay On Anger is addressed to Seneca's older brother, Gallio. The first part (I-II, xvii) deals with theoretical issues, while the second part (II,xviii - final) offers therapeutic advice. It begins with a preamble on the horrors of anger, followed by its definitions. It continues with questions such as whether anger is natural, whether it can be tempered, whether it is involuntary, and whether it can be completely erased.
The second part leads with advice on how to avoid anger and how this can be taught to children and adults. Then followed by several pieces of advice on how anger can be postponed or extinguished, and many real cases are given of cases to be imitated or avoided. The work draws to a close with some tips on how to calm others.
In On Anger Seneca defends the thesis - contrary to that of other ancient philosophers, such as Aristotle - that anger is always harmful. According to Seneca, a great man should never be angry, and when it is not possible to repress anger, he should try to calm down as soon as possible. The depth of thought, the liveliness of style, and the rich examples provided by Seneca to confirm his theses make the reading of On Anger extremely satisfying.
“The best remedy for anger is postponement.”
The stoic teachings and observations of Seneca then, applies even more today in our modern world, where we're constantly bombarded with emails, ads, SMSes, demands...we need to slow down, evaluate what we do and live life more mindfully and meaningfully.
I personally have read and re-read this book and its contents multiple times, and each time I still enjoy the teachings today as I first read it before..
Best when read during quiet time during early hours of the morning, or late at night, or when traveling.
- Lucius Annaeus Seneca.
De Vita Beata or On the Happy Life is a dialogue written by Seneca the Younger around the year 58 AD. It was intended for his older brother Gallio, to whom Seneca also dedicated his dialogue entitled De Ira ('On Anger'). It is divided into 28 chapters that present the moral thoughts of Seneca at their most mature. Seneca explains that the pursuit of happiness is the pursuit of reason – reason meant not only using logic, but also understanding the processes of nature.
This new edition of De Vita Beata from Enhanced Media includes an introduction by William Smith and a Seneca image gallery.
'Don't hope that events will turn out the way you want, welcome events in whichever way they happen'
How can we cope when life's events seem beyond our control? These words of consolation and inspiration from the three great Stoic philosophers - Epictetus, Seneca and Marcus Aurelius - offer ancient wisdom on how to face life's adversities and live well in the world.
One of twenty new books in the bestselling Penguin Great Ideas series. This new selection showcases a diverse list of thinkers who have helped shape our world today, from anarchists to stoics, feminists to prophets, satirists to Zen Buddhists.
It is not clear to scholars who wrote the first work on the subject of passions or emotions (the terms are thought interchangeable), but while Xenocrates (396/5–314/3 BCE) and Aristotle (384–322 BCE) were students at Plato's Academy, a discussion on emotions took place which provided likely the impetus for all later work on the subject. The Stoic Posidonius of Apamea (c.135 - 51 BCE) is considered the main source for Seneca, also the work of Theophrastus, Antipater of Tarsus, Philodemus of Gadara, Sotion of Alexandria, Xenocrates (active sometime after 346 BCE) and Aristotle (c. 384-322 BCE ). Other influences may have included works On Passions by the Stoic philosophers Zeno of Citium, Chrysippus, Aristo of Chios, Herillus, Hecato of Rhodes, and the Peripatetic philosopher Andronicus of Rhodes (c. 1st century B.C.).
Within the context of Stoicism, which seeks to aid and guide the person in a development out of a life of slavery to behaviors and ways of the vices, to freedom within a life characterized by virtue, de Ira posits this as achievable by the development of an understanding of how to control the passions, anger being classified as a passion, and to make these subject to reason.
Seneca's thoughts of the relationship of the passions to reason, are that the passions arise in a rational mind as a result of a misperceiving or misunderstanding of reality.
Written as much for a general audience as for Lucilius, these engaging letters offer advice on how to deal with everything from nosy neighbors to sickness, pain, and death. Seneca uses the informal format of the letter to present the central ideas of Stoicism, for centuries the most influential philosophical system in the Mediterranean world. His lively and at times humorous expositions have made the Letters his most popular work and an enduring classic. Including an introduction and explanatory notes by Margaret Graver and A. A. Long, this authoritative edition will captivate a new generation of readers.
On Benefits, written between 56 and 64 CE, is a treatise addressed to Seneca’s close friend Aebutius Liberalis. The longest of Seneca’s works dealing with a single subject―how to give and receive benefits and how to express gratitude appropriately―On Benefits is the only complete work on what we now call “gift exchange” to survive from antiquity. Benefits were of great personal significance to Seneca, who remarked in one of his later letters that philosophy teaches, above all else, to owe and repay benefits well.